Bleeding from the belly button can occur for several reasons, most of which are treatable and not a cause for concern. This article discusses some different causes of belly button bleeding, what symptoms to look for, and how to treat it. Numerous microorganisms naturally inhabit the surface of the skin.
However, disrupting this delicate ecosystem can lead to bacterial or fungal overgrowth. Bacteria including staphylococcus and streptococcus can cause a type of skin infection called cellulitis. An overgrowth of the candidiasis fungus — which lives in the mouth, throat, and vagina, as well as on the skin — can cause yeast infections. If a doctor suspects a skin infection, they may collect a sample of skin or pus from the belly button. A doctor can recommend the best treatment plan once they know the underlying cause of the infection.
Treatments for skin infections vary depending on the cause. A doctor may recommend cleaning the infected skin with warm salt water if a person has a bacterial infection.
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Cysts are fluid-filled pockets of tissue that can develop anywhere on the body, including the belly button. An epidermoid cyst occurs when a hair follicle gets clogged with dirt or oil. These cysts can also develop as a result of sun damage, infections, or trauma to the skin. Urachal cysts, which are less commonmight also cause bloody discharge from the belly button.
The urachus is a tube-like structure that connects the umbilical cord to the bladder. The urachus usually disappears before birth.
However, it can remain open in some people. That said, they typically affect older children and adults. A doctor can diagnose a skin cyst during a physical examination. They may ask to touch the cyst to see if it moves. A doctor can also check for symptoms that suggest an infection, such as tenderness, swelling, and fever. Treatments vary depending on the size and severity of the cyst. Small cysts tend to clear up without any medical intervention. An infected cyst may require antibiotic treatment, however.
A doctor may need to drain or surgically remove large cysts. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus spre to parts of the body outside of the uterus. According to the authors of a case report, tissue spre to the belly button in around 0. A doctor can diagnose endometriosis by conducting a pelvic exam and using imaging tests such as MRI scans and ultrasounds. They may use a procedure called laparoscopy, which allows them to look for abnormal tissue growth inside the pelvic region.
If endometriosis is only located at the belly button, a biopsy of the abnormal tissue at that location would give a definitive diagnosis. Currently, no cure for endometriosis exists. However, females can manage their symptoms with hormonal birth control, pain medication, and dietary supplements.
A doctor may surgically remove endometriosis tissue. However, they typically reserve this treatment method for severe forms of endometriosis that do not respond to medication. Shortly after birth, a doctor will cut the umbilical cord, leaving a small section attached to the belly button. This is called the umbilical stump. Typically, the umbilical stump dries out and falls off after 5—15 days.
The remaining wound will close and form the belly button. Once the stump falls off, the wound may bleed a little until the skin heals.
However, omphalitis can occur if the belly button becomes infected. It is a rare condition with an incidence rate of just 0. Symptoms typically appear after 3 days and may include:. To diagnose omphalitis, a doctor will perform a complete blood count test and collect a sample for analysis. If a newborn is experiencing symptoms that affect their entire body, a doctor may perform a chest radiograph and urinalysis. If a parent or caregiver notices gas in the surrounding tissue, they should seek emergency medical attention.
Treatment may include surgery.
Pregnant women may experience belly button changes. The skin and muscles in the abdomen stretch as the uterus expands to accommodate the growing fetus. This expansion may stretch or tear the skin near the belly button. Also, wearing clothes that rub against the belly button can irritate the skin, which can lead to redness, tenderness, and bleeding.
A person should contact a doctor if they experience any bleeding in or around the belly button in addition to any of the following symptoms:. Belly button bleeding rarely requires emergency medical treatment. Treatments vary depending on the underlying cause. A ruptured cyst may heal on its own. Doctors can drain or surgically remove large cysts that do not heal on their own and those that do not respond to medication.
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Belly button bleeding can occur for several reasons, including skin infections, cysts, and primary umbilical endometriosis. People who notice any s of infection should speak with a healthcare provider. Depending on the cause, they may prescribe an antifungal or antibiotic medication.
Untreated infections can spread to other areas of the body and cause serious, sometimes life threatening, complications. Stem cell transplants currently treat some cancers and blood and immune disorders. Researchers are also looking into other uses. Learn more here. Crusted scabies is a severe form of scabies with a large of mites and eggs within the skin.
Learn more about this skin condition here. Bites from scabies mites and bed bugs may look similar, but there are several key differences. Learn more. This article explores what coal tar is, which conditions it treats, how to use it, and whether it can cause cancer. Infections Cysts Primary umbilical endometriosis Omphalitis Pregnancy When to see a doctor Outlook Summary Bleeding from the belly button can occur for several reasons, most of which are treatable and not a cause for concern.
Share on Pinterest Most causes of belly button bleeding are treatable. Primary umbilical endometriosis.
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